Documentary Photography vs Photojournalism

By Federico Alegría on medium.com

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Documentary photography and photojournalism are two related genres of photography that often get confused. Documentary photography focuses on chronicling events and circumstances relevant to history, while photojournalism focuses on informing us as quickly as possible about an event. Both genres share several similarities, such as the need to be unobtrusive, to reflect relevant facts in an objective manner, and to comply with ethics. Documentary photography typically involves a longer process of research and is often created and consumed by professionals, while photojournalism is associated with breaking news. The twentieth century was a great time for the development of photojournalism, and the period between the 1930s and 1950s is considered to be the golden age of photojournalism.