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Composting is the natural process of recycling organic matter, such as leaves and food scraps, into a valuable fertilizer that can enrich soil and plants. There are two main types of backyard composting: cold (also known as passive composting) and hot (also called active composting). To ensure a faster home composting process, you will need to make sure your compost system has the right amount of air and water. Additionally, a cold composting process will most likely not reach a high enough temperature during decomposition to kill off pathogens. Composting at home allows us to divert some of that waste from landfills and turn it into something practical for our yards.